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مرکز خرید و فروش میناکاری تهران- اصفهان[ فروش عمده و تکی] - میناکاری چیست؟

میناکاری چیست؟

نویسنده :مینو رجایی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 28 فروردین 1396-11:57 ق.ظ

مینا کاری‌ هنر درخشان آتش‌ و خاک است‌، با رنگهای پخته و درخشان که‌ سابقه آن به‌ 1500‌سال پیش از میلاد میرسد.‌مینا کاری‌ هنر درخشان آتش‌ و خاک است‌، با رنگهای پخته و درخشان که‌ سابقه آن به‌ 1500‌سال پیش از میلاد میرسد.‌

میناکاری بر روی طلا

آقای علینقی وزیری در کتاب تاریخ‌ عمومی‌ هنرهای مصور قبل از تاریخ‌ تا اسلام مینویسد:‌از جمله هنرهای دستی ایرانیان در گذشته های دور تزئین و کنده کاری‌ روی‌ فلزات است‌.‌ظروف‌ فلزی بدست‌ آمده از فلزات گوناگون ساخته شده که‌ مهمترین‌ آنها عبارتست از: طلا،‌نقره، مس‌، برنز، برنج‌، آهن‌، فولاد، سرب، آلومینیوم و کرم.‌ این‌ فلزات برای زینت آلات و ظروف‌ گوناگون بکار میرفته زیرا که‌ امکان ساختن ابزار لازم‌ در ‌یک ورق‌ فلز چندان مشکل و ناممکن نبوده‌ از جمله موارد فلز کاری‌ میتوان از ترصیع یعنی به‌ ‌جا نشاندن قط‌عات کوچک‌ فلزهای مختلف روی‌ سط‌ح‌ فلزی از نوع جنس دیگر و ایجاد تناسب‌‌میان قط‌عات با در نظ‌ر گرفتن رنگ‌ و اشکال هندسی‌ آنها و ایجاد شکل یا نقش وسیله آنها و‌مینا کاری‌ نام برد.

انواع میناکاری

 بررسی‌ هایی‌ که‌ در مورد مینا سازی‌ شده نشان میدهد میناهایی‌ که‌ بنام‌ بیزانس‌ مشهور است‌ از مینا سازی‌ ایرانی‌ اقتباس شده است‌.‌ قدیمیترین‌ نمونه‌های مینا کاری‌ موجود موید این‌ ادعاست‌ که‌ مینا کاری‌ نیز مانند بسیاری‌ از‌هنرهای دیگر برای اولین بار در ایران پیدا شده و از ایران به‌ سایر کشورها راه یافته است‌.‌

در دوران مغول سبک جدیدی در فلز سازی‌ و مینا کاری‌ ایران بوجود آمد. اشکال و تصاویری‌که قیافه‌ و لباس اعضای دربار ایران را داشتند، جای اشکال و تصاویر عربی‌ دوره‌ قبل را‌گرفتند و بویژه ترصیع فلز در عصر تیموری‌ به‌ منتهی درجه‌ شرقی‌ خود رسید. در زمان صفویه‌ زمینه ی هنر مینا کاری‌ و فلز کاری‌ تغییر یافت‌ ظروف‌ نقره در این‌ دوره‌‌نقوش میناتور از قبیل مجالس‌ بزم در دربار و یا مجالس‌ شکار، یا اسب‌ سواری‌ مزین‌ گشت و ‌هنر مینا سازی‌ از نقشهای اسلیمی و گل‌ تغذیه‌ کرد و رنگ‌ قرمز مورد مصرف بیشتری‌داشت‌ و شهر اصفهان یکی از مراکز عمده مینا کاری‌ بحساب می‌آمد که‌ هنوز هم‌ تنها مرکز‌این‌ هنر محسوب میشود.

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