آموزش میناکاری بر روی سفال

نویسنده :مینو رجایی
تاریخ:یکشنبه 3 اردیبهشت 1396-07:57 ق.ظ

میناکاری یر روی ظروف با جنس های مختلفی انجام می شود از آن جمله می توان به نقره، طلا،مس و سفال اشاره کرد.البته توجه داشته باشید که اکثر مینا کاری های موجود در بازار بر روی مس و یا سفال انجام شده اند.
خیلی ها دوست دارند مراحل میناکاری را یاد بگیرند. در اینجا مراحل مختلف مینا کاری بر روی سفال را به شما آموزش می دهیم.

    وسایل مورد نیاز برای میناکاری روی سفال:
ظرف سفالی
گواش
آب
انواع قلم
چسب چوب
سمباده نرم
اسپری پلی استر
کاغذ کاربن
مداد

میناکاری در تهران

ابتدا ظرف سفالی را بوسیله  سمباده نرم  سمباده  زده تا  سطوح ناصاف  صیقلی شود.شما هر ظرف سفالی را می توانید بنا به نظر خودتان  استفاده کنید حتی یک گلدان معمولی را می توانید مینا را  روی آن  اجرا کنید.


حالا چسب چوب را با آب مخطوط کرده  ویک محلول رقیق درست کنید بر روی کوزه به وسیله  قلم مو یا دستمال بمالید.بعد مدتی که  چسب چوب کاملا خشک  شد.اگر ناصافی حاصل از چسب زدن  موجود بود اندکی سمباده کاری کنید.این  باعث می شود که شما زیر کاری نرم داشته  باشید و هنگام رنگ آمیزی راحت  باشید و نهایتا کاری نرم تر بدست آید.

حالا شما نیاز به یک  پیش طرح  بر روی سفال دارید.شما می توانید مداد را برداشته  و شروع  به ترسیم تکه طرح هایی بصورت  تکراری کنید.ویا  می توانید یک طرح روی کاغذ را با کمک کاربن روی کوزه چاپ کنید که مسلما طرح مینا بسیار دقیق تر ترسیم خواهد شد.طرحهای مینا می تواند از جمله طرحهای ترنج ، اسلیمی و حتی گل و مرغ  باشد که بستگی به سلیقه خودتان دارد.

خوب در این مرحله شما یک پیش طرح بر روی کارتان  دارید بنابراین رنگ گواش را با آب مخلوط کرده و شروع به رنگ آمیزی کنید.سپس بگذارید تا نقوش مینای شما خشک شود.اگر جایی اشتباه کردید حللال این رنگ آب هست.

پس از خشک شدن اسپری پلی استر را بردارید  و شروع میناکاری در تهران  به پاشیدن روی سطح کنید.توجه داشته باشید دراتاق این کار را انجام ندهید چون بوی بدی دارد.فاصله دست را برای پاشیدن رعایت کنید که حدود سی سانت می باشد.اگر دست خود را زیاد نزدیک کنید و به صورت زیکزاکی نپاشید احتمال دارد پلی استر از روی سفال شره کند.برای پاشیدن روی یک نقطه اسرار نکنید و کار پاشیدن را بصورت یکسان انجام دهید.بعد از اسپری کردن  بر روی میناکاری بدون آنکه دستتان به آن بخورد آن  را در فضای آزاد و عاری از غبار قرار دهید.





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